Anatomy Of The Sciatica

Sciatica or sciatic pain and symptoms are associated with a pinched or compressed spinal nerve root (exiting nerve) from the spinal cord. Your spinal cord stems from the base of your skull and travels through the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions of your back. Between each vertebra, at each level, a pair of spinal nerves exit through holes in the bone of the spine called the foramen on both sides of the spinal column. These nerves are called nerve roots or radicular nerves. The sciatic nerve is an extension of the exiting nerve and anatomically runs down both legs, connecting to muscle and tendons into your hip, buttock, thigh, knee, calf, and foot. The main cause of sciatica nerve pain is a herniated disc compressing or pinching a nerve root. Sciatica can be present in one or both legs. Another common term used to describe this pain is radicular pain or radiculitis (nerve root inflammation). Radicular pain is usually secondary to inflammation or compression of a spinal nerve. This pain is often deep and steady and usually reproduced with certain positions and activities such as walking or sitting. Once a nerve dysfunction is documented by a specialist, the condition is referred to radiculopathy. There are treatments available at the Spine Institute of North American for sciatica nerve pain. You can contact us to make your appointment today and learn more about sciatica treatment options.

What Is Sciatica?

Sciatica is a form of sharp pain felt in areas like the lower back, buttocks, at the back of the thigh and behind the knee. Also known as sciatic nerve pain, it occurs when the sciatic nerve gets irritated. This large nerve starts at the lower part of the spinal cord and goes down through the buttocks to the lower limbs.


Sciatic nerve pain is caused by a variety of lower back conditions, including the following:


Come to us for prompt sciatic nerve pain relief in NJ when you have a severe condition that you need to get treated promptly. By visiting us, you can prevent the problem from becoming worse. We’ll use the best sciatica pain relief methods for your condition. Nonsurgical sciatica treatment in NJ, like exercise and medication, can help relieve pain. Here are some of the treatment options available to you:


Typical sciatica symptoms usually occur on one side of your body. They might affect your shoulder, arm, or leg. In more severe cases of spinal stenosis, the condition could affect the exiting nerves on both sides of the spinal cord, causing sciatica symptoms on both sides of your body. This can cause pain that becomes debilitating. You might experience symptoms such as:


In order to accurately diagnose sciatica, your spine specialist will need to take you through a workup that could include the following:


For many of our patients, surgical solutions are not required in order to get relief from a herniated disc and sciatica nerve pain. Clinical studies show that many patients find relief without surgery in four to six months.

Non-Operative Sciatica Treatment Options

Least-Invasive Surgical Treatment Options

If the conservative treatments listed above don’t work to ease your pain and evidence is supported by testing and imaging, your doctor might recommend surgical treatment. These sciatica pain relief options have a 90% success rate when treating bulging discs and pinched nerves.


Most patients who undergo these procedures are able to get out of bed about an hour after the surgery is finished. Once they are cleared by our team, they can go home. Some patients might experience a small amount of pain at the incision site, which can be controlled with pain medication. Your doctor will give you tips on how to care for yourself at home as well as exercises you can do to prevent your back from becoming stiff. You’ll be able to increase your activity gradually after resting for a few days. Your doctor will also give you a timeframe as to when you can start activities such as walking, driving, yard work, and sporting activities. If you experience an increase in your pain levels or have any concerns, you should contact our office right away.